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4 Ways to Take Care of Your Mature Apple Trees

Red apples
Mature apple trees require a little attention in order to produce tasty fruit. If you have mature apple trees on your property, you need to know how to take proper care of your apple trees if you want them to continue to produce sweet and eatable fruit.

1. Watering Your Apple Tree

Once an apple tree is mature and has an established root system, you do not need to water it on a regular basis. Natural rainfall provides more than enough water for your apple trees unless you live in either a desert or drought area.

If you live in a desert or drought area, water your trees once every seven to ten days. Provide enough water to soak the dirt so that the water will penetrate the ground all the way down to the roots of your apple trees.

2. Pruning Your Apple Tree

Pruning your apple trees is the key to producing quality fruit. When your apple trees produce too many apples, the apples will be smaller, and generally a little tarter. If you want large, sweet fruit from your apple trees, you are going to want to make sure you properly prune your apple trees.

The best time to prune apple trees is in the early spring. Wait until the last frost has passed in your area before pruning your apple trees.

When you prune your apple trees, first focus on pruning any damaged or diseased branches. Then, get rid of any suckers, which are branches growing near the trunk of your tree.

Next, cut off any branches that are growing downward towards the ground. Finally, prune the whorls on the tree. Whorls are where multiple small branches are growing from the same location.

When you prune your apple trees, cut as close to the trunk as possible. This will give your apple trees the best chance to heal the wounds without becoming infected.

3. Fertilizing Your Apple Trees

There are a few times of year when you should fertilize your apple trees. Late fall is a good time to fertilize your apple trees because your trees have all winter to absorb the fertilizer. Springtime, right up until the growing season, is also a good time to fertilize your apple trees.

You should not fertilize your apple trees during the growing and harvesting season, which occurs during the summer and early fall.

Apple trees need four different types of nutrients: potassium, calcium, boron, and nitrogen. Potassium helps your fruit grow to the right size and color. Calcium helps make your apples firm.

Boron helps keep your buds on your apple tree healthy and prevent your apple tree from growing apples with brown spots inside of them. Nitrogen helps your apple trees grow properly.

4. Mulching Your Apple Trees

Mulching provides many benefits to your apple tree. Organic mulch helps improve the quality of the soil under your apple tree. Mulch also helps the soil around your apple trees retain water and reduces the amount of weeds that grow around the base of your trees.

When you apply mulch around the base of your apple trees, be sure to use organic mulch, such as wood and bark chips. These types of mulch will decompose over time, and add nutrients to the soil around your apple trees. Natural mulch will also promote worm activity, which will help aerate the soil around your trees.

To get the best fruit out of your mature apple tree, make sure that your apple trees get enough water, prune your apple trees on a yearly basis, provide your apple trees with adequate fertilizer, and put organic mulch around your apple trees.

If you need assistance taking care of your apple trees, our team at Community Tree Service, Inc. can assist with taking care of your fruit trees.